Kestrel Generation Controls Training – Toronto

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Kestrel Generation Controls Training – Toronto

March 27, 2023 @ 1:00 pm - March 31, 2023 @ 11:30 am



The various organizations that oversee electricity reliability in North America have been in existence for decades with oversight provided by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC). NERC’s mission is to ensure that the bulk electric system in North America is reliable, adequate, and secure. In 1997, NERC developed a set of Operating and Planning standards for use throughout the North American industry (NERC Planning Standards, Part II System Modeling Data Requirements, approved by Board of Trustees, September 16, 1997). These Planning Standards included rules for the routine verification of generating unit performance and mathematical models.



COST: $2,975 per person (10% discount for 3 or more from same company – must register and pay at the same time)


LOCATION: The Advocates’ Society, 2700-250 Yonge Street, TORONTO, ON, M5B2L7, Canada

Hotel: The Chelsea Hotel, Address: 33 Gerrard Street West, Toronto, ON

Booking link: Chelsea Hotel, Toronto

Or call the hotel directly, toll-free at 1-800-CHELSEA (243-5732) or 416-595-1975. These individuals must identify themselves as part of the “ENTRUST Solutions Group Room Block or Res ID: ENT032723” and call before the cut-off date of  Wednesday, March 15, 2023, to take advantage of your discounted group rate.



The course is designed for engineers and technicians and will cover the theory and practical aspects of testing, modeling and operation of generators, excitation systems, power system stabilizers and turbine governors with a focus on NERC and Regional regulatory compliance standards.

Applicable Standards: 

Compliance with NERC standards was made mandatory and enforceable in the US and Canada in 2006. The NERC standards which are the subject of this short training course were approved by NERC and Industry in December 2012. The technical standards that are the topic of this short training program are the following:

MOD-025 :  Verification of Generator Gross and Net Reactive Power Capability

MOD-026 : Verification of Models and Data for Generator Excitation System Functions and Plant Voltage/VAR Controls

MOD-027 : Verification of Turbine/Governor Controls and Plant Frequency Response

PRC-019 : Coordination of Generator Voltage Regulator Controls with Unit Capabilities and Protection

PRC-024 : Generator Performance During Frequency and Voltage Excursions

ISO Specific Rules for Generator Owners (IESO/AESO…)

Course Description: 

The Kestrel Generation Controls course is designed to instruct plant engineers and technicians on the core concepts of utility generators and associated control systems with a goal of familiarizing technical utility staff with the requirements of the latest NERC and ISO regulations and to help them identify their role in meeting these requirements within their organization. The material is tailored to cover the specific systems, configurations and operating scenarios associated with the attendees. Each requirement will be reviewed using the following approach:

  • Review technical background material necessary to understand the topic and provide references for further study
  • Review latest version of the applicable standard along with regional interpretations of the requirements
  • Discuss methods of meeting technical
  • Perform sample calculations, exercises and simulations illustrating the technical issues and test

The course provides classroom-based instruction and utilizes a comprehensive computer-based course manual along with a generator controls simulation software package. This software package allows each attendee to perform interactive simulation exercises that are related to various course topics, such as: Generator Reactive Capability, Generator Voltage Control, Auto Voltage Regulator Tuning, Power System Stabilizer Operation, and others. The simulations utilize accurate generator and control system models and allow the user to adjust settings, alter system configurations and control operation while viewing the simulated response on graphs and meters. The interactive simulations are an excellent means of better understanding the practical application of the course material

Course Outline

Module 1: Reactive Power Capability

Review of Basic Power System Concepts

Basic concepts governing synchronously operating power systems

The power system and control Power transfer in AC systems

Synchronous Generators

Energy conversion and the synchronous generator – generator terminal characteristics

Off-line and on-line operation Reactive capability

Considerations for Inverter Based Resources (IBR) Wind, Solar, BESS

MOD-025 Confirmation of Reactive Capability

Alternative methods (testing versus operating) voltage versus reactive limitations documentation requirements

Module 2: Excitation System Performance and Modeling

Excitation System Design

  • Excitation requirements imposed by the generator and by the power system
  • Common designs: bus-fed static, rotating dc systems, rotating ac systems
  • Automatic Voltage Regulation(AVR)
  • IBR Plant Voltage Controls
  • Reactive current compensation

Power System Stability and Stabilizers

  • Effect of excitation system on stability
  • Oscillatory stability of synchronous machines
  • Functional design of common stabilizers

MOD-026 Confirmation of Excitation Models and Performance

  • Alternative methods manufacturer’s data, testing, disturbance recording)
  • Test instrumentation and procedures
  • Documentation requirements

Module 3: Coordination of Protection, Limiters with Generator Capability

Generator Capability

  • Overvoltage and V/Hz capability
  • Limited Time Field Winding Limits
  • Under-excited limitations

Excitation Limiters

  • Over-excitation limiters
  • Under-excitation limiters

Generator Protective Relays

  • Multi-function digital versus discrete relays
  • Fault versus overload relays

PRC-019 Coordination of Protection and Limiters with Unit Capability and PRC-024 Generator Performance During Frequency and Voltage Excursions

  • Excitation limiters and relation to generator and system capability
  • Coordinating excitation limiters and protective relays
  • Test and documentation requirements Coordination Considerations for IBR

Module 4: Verification of Unit Frequency Response

Prime Movers

  • Common elements of utility prime movers Steam, gas, hydraulic and wind turbines

Frequency Control and Governors

  • Speed governing of utility generation
  • Design of conventional mechanical- hydraulic governors
  • Design of electro-hydraulic governors Permanent droop and deadband
  • IBR Plant Frequency Response
  • Automatic generation control

MOD-027 Verification of Turbine/Governor and Load Controls

Methods of confirming unit response to system frequency variations (disturbance recording/staged tests)

Course Information :

Start : March 27, 2023 @ 1pm

End :  March 31 11:30am

Location : Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Includes : Computer Based Instruction and Student Exercise Manuals Simulation Software Package, and coffee. 

Does Not Include : Computer. Attendees will be required to install training software in advance of the first session

To Register :

Contact: Liz Diehl

Phone : (416) 317 – 6711

Email :

Cost: $2975 (CAD$) per person (Group rates available)

Cancellation Policy : Kestrel reserves the right to cancel the course and notify attendees 30 days in advance of the scheduled start date.

Kestrel Generation Controls Training - Toronto


Generation Type:
NERC Region:


March 27, 2023 @ 1:00 pm
March 31, 2023 @ 11:30 am

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